Technology undoubtedly advances year after year transforming the daily life of each individual, but at the same time so are cities. By this we refer to the idea of “Smart City”, smart cities that integrate technology to improve urban management and the quality of life of citizens.
The companies that are helping to transform cities into smart cities take into account that not all technological advances lead to what is considered a smart city, as we will see in the following 10 characteristics that contribute to the creation of a smart city.
There are companies that build and maintain the city’s wireless infrastructures (without cables). One of the world’s leading firms is the French SigFox , an alternative network for the internet of things or IoT ( Internet of Things ), which builds wireless networks to connect low-power objects (electricity meters, smart watches, household appliances, …) They should be continuously on and emitting small amounts of data. In the IoT, mainly, they can receive from the server or the cloud a series of instructions to carry out a certain action.
2. INTELLIGENT MOBILITY:
We come across companies that have developed transportation alternatives so that there is greater fluidity in traffic. An example is the rental of electric bicycles or scooters (such as VOI, TIER or LIME) that lately are being found in every corner of the cities. Companies that are developing autonomous vehicles are also seen as contributing to smart mobility, both for delivery and private vehicles.
3. ENERGY RESOURCES MANAGEMENT:
These are companies that are working to increase energy effectiveness and efficiency, as in the field of renewables (Ethnogeny or Ampere Energy). Progressively, there has been talk of applying artificial intelligence to the management of networks such as electricity, something that would allow the analysis of consumption in homes and consequently manage, remotely, elements such as the thermostat of a house.
4. PARKING IN A SMART CITY:
Some companies are taking advantage of these technological advances to carry out a more efficient management of parking spaces in cities. An example is WeSmartPark, an app created in Spain that already has versions in cities like Barcelona, Madrid and New York; it is an online platform in which an owner rents his parking space.
5. WATER MANAGEMENT:
Water resources are limited and optimal management is key to the development of cities. We can find companies like ACCIONA Agua or Suez, who are in charge of treating, distributing and recycling water. These companies have the “Aquadvanced” tool, which allows managing the drinking water networks of a city (any city with a large number of inhabitants) in real time.
6. ROAD TRAFFIC:
Vehicle traffic management also defines smart cities. One of the companies that play this role is TEKIA, an engineering and consulting company specialized in the sustainable application of new technologies and new organizational procedures to transport, where its mission is to optimize and make transport operations sustainable.
7. ENVIRONMENTAL MEASUREMENT IN A SMART CITY:
Smart cities, by definition, pay greater attention to the environment and a concern to maintain certain acceptable levels in air quality. Companies like LIBELIUM measure environmental pollution with wireless sensors.
8. CITIZEN SECURITY:
Lahore Smart City provides security with the help of the Companies that develop solutions to help improve public safety in large cities. AlertCops is one of the public companies, launched by the Ministry of the Interior, that connects with the Civil Guard and Police, where any citizen can report a crime or infraction.
9. SMART BUILDINGS IN A SMART CITY:
They are those that automatically manage certain elements, such as lighting or temperature, related to energy efficiency, in addition to issues such as maintenance or connectivity. PentaDom is a company specialized in home automation for smart homes and buildings, offering its customers a customized home automation system adapted to their needs.
10. MANAGEMENT OF SANITARY SERVICES:
Health is another of the main development focuses in smart cities that we have been detailing throughout the post. It is what is known as eHealth or eHealth. Application of ICT for the diagnosis of diseases and the management of health centers. In this new concept we can find a Sevillian startup called Primum Health, which allows real-time sharing of measurements such as pulse or blood pressure with the doctor.